WATER: THE ABSOLUTE NECESSITY
Stocking water reserves should be a top priority. Drinking water in emergency situations should not be rationed. Therefore, it is critical to store adequate amounts of water for your household.
Two quarts of water/day/person for drinking.
Example: 2 quarts x 3 days x 5 person household = 30 quarts (about 8 gallons of water).
Individual needs vary, depending on age, physical condition, activity, diet, and climate. A normally active person needs at least two quarts of water daily just for drinking. Children, nursing mothers, and ill people need more. Very hot temperatures can double the amount of water needed.
One gallon of water/day/person for sanitary purposes and cooking.
Example: 1 gallon x 3 days x 5 person household = 15 gallons.
Because you will also need water for sanitary purposes and, possibly, for cooking, you should store at least one gallon of water per person per day.
FOOD: PREPARING AN EMERGENCY SUPPLY
If activity is reduced, healthy people can survive on half their usual food intake for an extended period or without any food for many days. Food, unlike water, may be rationed safely, except for children and pregnant women. You don’t need to go out and buy unfamiliar foods to prepare an emergency food supply. You can use the canned foods, dry mixes and other staples on your cupboard shelves. Canned foods do not require cooking, water or special preparation.
Food items that you might consider including in your disaster supply kit include:
Ready-to-eat meats (e.g., beef jerky, canned ham)
Canned fruits and vegetables
Canned or boxed juices
Foods for infants
Foods for persons on special diets (e.g., low sodium or gluten free)
FIRST AID KIT ESSENTIALS
First aid manual
Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
Assorted sizes of safety pins
Cleansing agents (isopropyl alcohol, hydrogen peroxide)/soap/germicide
Latex gloves (2 pairs)
2-inch and 4-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6 each size)
Triangular bandages (3)
2-inch and 3-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls each)
Tongue depressor blades (2)
Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant
It may be difficult to obtain prescription medications during a disaster because stores may be closed or supplies may be limited. Ask your physician or pharmacist about storing prescription medications. Be sure they are stored to meet instructions on the label and be mindful of expiration dates — be sure to keep your stored medication up to date. List prescription medications that you need to have on hand.
Extra pair of prescription glasses or contact lens.
Have the following nonprescription drugs in your disaster supply kit:
Aspirin and non aspirin pain reliever
Antacid (for stomach upset)
Syrup of ipecac (use to induce vomiting if advised by the poison control center)
TOOLS AND EMERGENCY SUPPLIES
It is important to assemble these items in a disaster supply kit in case you have to leave your home quickly. Even if you don’t have to leave your home, if you lose power it will be easier to have these item already assembled and in one place.
Tools and Other Items
A portable, battery-powered radio or television portable, battery-powered radio or television and extra batteries (also have a NOAA weather radio, if appropriate for your area)
Flashlight and extra batteries
Matches in a waterproof container (or waterproof matches)
Other tools (screwdriver, etc.)
Duct tape and scissors
Small canister, A-B-C-type fire extinguisher
Paper, pens, and pencils
Needles and thread
Battery-operated travel alarm clock
Manual can opener
Mess kits or paper cups, plates, and plastic utensils
Household liquid bleach to treat drinking water
Sugar, salt, pepper
Aluminum foil and plastic wrap
Re-sealing plastic bags
If food must be cooked, small cooking stove and a can of cooking fuel
Sanitation and Hygiene Items
Washcloth and towel
Towelettes, soap, hand sanitizer, liquid detergent
Tooth paste, toothbrushes, shampoo, deodorants, comb and brush, razor, shaving cream, lip balm, sunscreen, insect repellent, contact lens solutions, mirror, feminine supplies
Heavy-duty plastic garbage bags and ties—for personal sanitation uses—and toilet paper
Medium-sized plastic bucket with tight lid
Disinfectant and household chlorine bleach
Consider including a small shovel for digging a latrine
PET EMERGENCY SUPPLIES
Just as you do with your family’s emergency supply kit, think about your best friend’s basics for survival, particularly food, water and medication. A kit for your pet may be very similar to a kit for any other member of your family.
Food — at least three days of food for each pet in an airtight, waterproof container.
Water — at least three days of water for each pet in addition to water for your family.
Medicines and medical records — be aware of your pet’s medical needs!
First aid — cotton bandage rolls, bandage tape, scissors, antibiotic ointment, flea and tick prevention, latex gloves, rubbing alcohol.
Crate or pet carrier — be able to safely transport your pet and give them a place to sleep.
Collar with ID tag, harness or leash — have a second set of ownership and contact information, microchip registry and other important documents (vaccinations, breed registration)
Sanitation — does your pet use a litter box or need newspapers/liners, poop bags or towels?
Familiar items — favorite toys, treats or bedding can help reduce stress in your pet.
A picture of you and your pet — if you become separated, this is a great way to issue notification and an easy way to establish ownership.
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